## PART V## SUB-ATOMIC PARTICLE PHYSICS## THE SUB-PARTICLE ZOOAnalysis of fermion spin characteristics of the sub-particle components of the Circular Model of the Atom, when coupled with Pauli's exclusion rules, indicate that not only weak interactions, but
Just as there are positive and negative charges, the wave equivalent of matter displays dual, but disparate vector components. Light's wave vector components are diametrically opposite in characteristic and transverse to each other by 90 Just as atoms and waves have two components, sub-particles exist only where the high frequency-low frequency nodal points coincide. The Circular Model of the Atom demonstrates both high frequency-low frequency hemispheres, but also a potential emissive energy differential that + > -. This high frequency-low frequency source degrades into a single emissive signal. Oliver Heaviside demonstrated that the original source signal could be reset for clarity. "Distortion destroys a signal by causing its higher-frequency components to outpace its lower-frequency ones, turning a sharp pulse into a blur. Distortionless transmission incorporates induction loading to balance the equation... [cited earlier in the article] Delays occur when the magnetic field induced by a current briefly stores, then discharges a signal's energy. But Heaviside proved that the addition of inductance to a circuit could enable it to transmit without distortion" [1]. The minute gap or delay described in the above quote of the magnetic vector component of the electromagnetic wave is vital. Heaviside worked around the gap to solve magnetic frequency distortions. The matter equivalent of the gap shows up as the neutrino gap in beta decay and in sub-particle tracking chambers as neutral particles. When the two stable particles the proton and electron are accelerated or collided at higher energy levels, then high frequency-low frequency reappearing nodal points occur at recurrent levels of increasingly higher energy. The sub-particle mass triplet states found in high energy physics have as a parent the proton (a composite composed of postive-greater-than-negative matter). This positive-greater-than-negative matter-relationship holds for the two vector components of the transverse electromagnetic wave. Start with the proton mass energy inequality, then join the electromagnetic wave asymmetric features with increasingly higher energy levels, this results in a particle zoo. The sub-particle mass triplet states found in high energy particle physics are the product of the original particle used in the colliders. A comparison can be made between the particle triplet states produced in the colliders and the Circular Model. Both exhibit a positive segment, a negative segment and a very small segment of neutrality between the two. In the case of the atom this neutrality is exhibited by inventing the neutrino or antineutrino (depending on the process) to balance equations. The drop in nuclear binding energy at specific points within the nucleus is further evidence of higher and lower energy states as depicted by our model. The same basic relationships of + > -, and 0 are present in the atomic, nuclear, and sub-particle high energy examples. This relationship of positive-greater-than-negative is very minute (one positive component wavelength in emission processes, and one wavelength in negative absorption operations). [1] Nahin, P. J., 1990. Oliver Heaviside. |