## PART I## INTRODUCTORY SUPPORTIVE EVIDENCES## Dirac's EquationDirac's equation of the electron described how the electron can only take on certain specific values and characteristics. “This new equation yields the spin of the electron since it is really a combination of
The problem arose from the negative energy states. If they existed, under current concepts, then the atom could not be stable because the electron would drop down into the lower energy state. In his summary section of the Dirac Memorial lecture given by Richard Feynman at Cambridge he stated: “If we insist that particles can only have positive energies, then you cannot avoid propagation outside the light cone. If we look at such propagation from a different frame, the particle is traveling backwards in time: it is an antiparticle. One man's virtual particle is another man's virtual antiparticle” [3]. Adair writes, “[T]he British physicist P. M. Dirac, who first postulated the existence of antimatter, showed that matter and antimatter must behave the same way under electromagnetic forces. Later it was seen that matter and antimatter are acted on identically by gravity and also by the strong nuclear forces” [4]. The Circular Model of the Atom meets the criteria posed by Dirac's four state possibilities of the electron. It has a state for spin up and spin down electrons and they are in a positive and negative field orientation that does not induce annihilation as positron-electron reactions do. The reason there is no annihilation is that each particle in the field has different energy based on ascending levels in the positive field and descending levels in the negative field. [1] Dirac, P. A. M., 1987, [2] Kronig, R., 1960. The Turning Point. In: M. Fierz & V. F. Weisskopf, eds. [3] Feynman, R. P. & Weinberg, S., 1986. [4] Adair, R., 1988. A Flaw in a Universal Mirror. |